Friday, December 27, 2019
Many people who learn French know that its a language of tricky spellings. JamaisÃ is one of those words. It sometimes poses problems to the language learners because you can easily confuse it with jaimais, which means something completely different. Jaimais,Ã spelled with the added apostrophe and i, means I loved, or I was loving/liking/enjoying and comes from theÃ verb aimer. Whereas jamais often means never. You can imagine the confusion if instead of telling someone you loved them, you tell them never. Spelling can be really crucial. Regarding the meanings of jamais, there are actually a few different uses of this word. When jamais takes the place of pas in a negation, it means, never. Isolated, jamais also takes on its original meaning of never. However, depending on the context and the structure of the sentence, jamais can also become an adverb and mean either ever or never. See below to learn how to distinguish the different meanings of jamais. Ne...Jamais In a negative construction, where instead of ne ... pas, you will find ne...jamais, the meaning changes from not to never. Je ne ferais pas Ã §a. I wouldnt do that.Je ne ferais jamais Ã §a. I would never do that. Jamais is one of the few words that can replace the pas part of the negative in a negation sentence. Some of the others are aucun, personne, andÃ rien, which areÃ French negative pronouns. Another anomaly with jamaisÃ is that it doesnt necessarily need to be placed directly after the verb. For emphasis, you can start your sentence with it as well. Jamais je nai vu quelque chose daussi beau. I have never seen anything as beautiful.Jamais je ne toublierai. I will never forget you. Note that in spoken modern French, the ne part of the negation often glides, or even totally disappears. So you need to train your ear to focus on the second part of the negation rather than relying on the first, the ne. Je nai jamais dit Ã §a sounds like: Jnay jamay di sa or even jay jamay di sa, but both pronunciations mean the same thing.Ã Because of this difficulty, focus on the context, as that is the best way to identifying the meaning of jamais. Jamais on Its Own The simplest and most traditional meaning of jamais is never. Besides negation sentences, jamais also means never when used on its own or in a sentence fragment. Est-ce que tu travailles le lundi? Non, jamais. Do you work on Mondays? No, never.Est-ce que tu travailles le Samedi? Oui, mais jamais le dimanche. Do you work on Saturdays? Yes, but never on Sundays. Jamais in a Question or Hypothesis When used by itself in a question or a hypothesis without a negative, jamais means ever. In questions, jamais creates a very formal tone and its meaning becomes ever. Similarly, with the hypothetical si, as in the expression si jamais, the meaning is if ever. Jamais in Formal Questions A-t-elle jamais dansÃ © le tango? Has she ever danced tango?Tu tes jamais demandÃ © si cÃ ©tait vrai? Have you ever wondered if it was true?Es-tu jamais allÃ © Ã Paris? Have you ever been to Paris? Today, its more common to use dÃ ©jÃ , meaning already, instead of jamais. This is mainly the case when the verb is in past tense, as in: Es-tu dÃ ©jÃ allÃ © Ã Paris? Have you ever (already) been to Paris?As-tu dÃ ©jÃ vu le nouvel Alien? Have you already seen the new Alien movie? Si Jamais Si jamais tu as besoin de quoique ce soit, appelle-moi. If you ever need anything, let me know.Si jamais tu vas Ã Paris, tÃ ©lÃ ©phone-moi. If you ever go to Paris, call me. If modern spoken French frequently drops the ne, how do you know if its ever or never? As mentioned earlier, you have to take into consideration the context of the sentence.Ã French Expressions With Jamais Finally, jamais is part of many expressions, all having to do with ever and never. Tu es plus belle que jamais mon amour. You are as beautiful as ever my love.Maintenant, ils seront ensemble Ã jamais. Now, they will be together forever.Je laime Ã tout jamais. I love him forever and ever.Cest maintenant ou jamais. Its now or never.Ã Je nai jamais rien dit. I have never told anything.
Wednesday, December 18, 2019
The word Ã¢â¬Å"apartheidÃ¢â¬ means Ã¢â¬Å"separatenessÃ¢â¬ in Afrikaans Language. Human Rights, according to Ã¢â¬Å"Article 1, UN Declaration of RightsÃ¢â¬ states that Ã¢â¬Å" All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in spirit of brotherhoodÃ¢â¬ . The native Africans were being segregated from the whites and were treated as second class citizens. The black residents felt that the apartheid policies violated their rights. Human rights of South African natives were violated when a racial segregation system, called Apartheid, based upon skin color was established by the South African government. Although there were various international responses, the actions of such groups asÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬Å"It hurts the family tree and the culture as a whole, it crushes hope and pride and sometimes destroys the soulÃ¢â¬ (Brooks). This poem demonstrates the pain and hardships that the Africans went through. Penalties were charged on political protest, in addition with dying in custody often after brutal torture. Those who were tried were most likely sentenced to death, banishment, or imprisonment for life, such as Nelson Mandela. All protestors thought these penalties were unjust, because the protestors were not actually breaking the law. They were using civil disobedience to fight for their freedom, but unfortunately, the South African government still took it as an offense. Ã¢â¬Å"Resistance to apartheid within South Africa took many forms over the years, from non-violent demonstrations, protests and strikes to political action and eventually to armed resistanceÃ¢â¬ ( Tiddens). South Africans were humiliated by their government, which made them feel hopeless. The white Europeans gave them a feeling that no human should ever have to feel. Responses to this inhumane problem were scattered all around the world, but only some made a true impact. The Black residents reacted in any way they could, but got killed because they reacted for many endless decades. Their responses exemplified bravery throughout South Africa and throughout the world. Riots broke out everywhere, but white policeShow MoreRelatedOpposition to Apartheid1631 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe South African Apartheid, instituted in 1948 by the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s Afrikaner National Party, was legalized segregation on the basis of race, and is a system comparable to the segregation of African Americans in the United States. Non-whites - including blacks, Indians, and people of color in general- were prohibited from engaging in any activities specific to whites and prohibited from engaging in interracial marriages, receiving higher education, and obtaining certain jobs. The National PartyÃ¢â¬â¢s classificationRead MoreThe Apartheid Of South African Apartheid1422 Wo rds Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe avowal that the apartheid Ã¢â¬Ëvision for democracyÃ¢â¬â¢ necessitated state terror and repression is evident when examining the South African apartheid system between 1960 -1994. The system of apartheid spiked significant internal resistance, hence, the ideology for apartheid stems from the creation of a white state surrounded by economically interdependent and politically dependent black states, which required state terror and repression to ensure mounting resistance and international condemnation didRead MoreEssay on Apartheid in South Africa 1292 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof Apartheid in one of the darkest periods in history. Blacks were horribly oppressed by tyrants who obliterated their happy, healthy lives for nothing more then their own interests. Many Laws were passed that restricted blacks from the freedoms that all people should rightfully obtain from birth. White South Africans took the black population by the throat, making it hard for blacks to live as happy people. Black South Africans were held in a form of imprisonment and could do little to fight backRead MoreGender Based Violence And Intimate Partner Violence Bring1380 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesand intimate partner violence bring. The spread of HIV/AIDS in South Africa is one of the biggest problems that come up through gender-based violence. Different womenÃ¢â¬â¢s and feminist organizations are attempting to fight against these problems such as the risk of sexual abuse and the epidemic of HIV/AIDS. Since the destruction of apartheid, South Africa and South AfricaÃ¢â¬â¢s government have gone through a massive metamorphosis. South Africa is said to have one of the best constitutions in the worldRead MoreCelie Rourks . English 1 - 7Th Period. 05-01-17. Research1606 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCelie Rourks English 1 - 7th Period 05-01-17 RESEARCH PAPER Who was Nelson Mandela and how did he have an impact on racial problems in South Africa? Nelson Mandela INFORMATION: Nelson Rohihlahia (stirring up trouble) Mandela was born on 18 July 1918, near Umtata, in the Transkei region of South Africa. His father was Chief Henry Mandela of the Tembu Tribe. Mandela was trained to become the next chief to rule his tribe, but he was also a determined student and eventually joined an all blackRead MoreWhatÃ ´s an Ideology?1412 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesideologies of two major political parties in post- apartheid South Africa. South Africa has a multi-party political system that incorporates thirteen parties who sit in parliament or the national assembly. The national assembly consists of 400 seats and for a party to have majority rule on decision making they have to have a 2/3 majority. South Africas Parliament is made up of the National Assembly and the National Council of Provinces. The National Assembly is much more prominent; they pass legislationRead MoreThe ANC and PACs Influence on the Fall ofo the Apartheid Regime in South Africa1570 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pag esSince its colonization by England and the Dutch, South AfricaÃ¢â¬â¢s government struggled under power hungry colonial leaders and most recently under the white dominated Apartheid regime. Before colonization, South Africa was ruled by different tribes each having jurisdiction over their section of land. Eventually, South Africa like so many other Africa countries, fell victim to European colonization. The first European settlers were Dutch, who arrived in 1652 and worked for the Dutch East India CompanyRead MoreApartheid in South Africa: The African National Congress and Nelson Mandela1506 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Apartheid was a dark time in the history of South Africa. The African National Congress played a major role in the breaking of Apartheid. Nelson Mandela played a critical role in bringing democracy to South Africa. This paper will show how the African National Congress was involved in the Anti-Apartheid movement and how the African National Congress and Nelson Mandela Changed the country as a whole. To understand how South Africa changed, one must know the history of Apartheid and the effectsRead MoreNelson Mandela And The Social Injustice Of Apartheid1652 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesprotests and armed resistance to fight against the white minority oppressive regime of racially divided South Africa. My exhibit talks about all the sufferings Nelson Mandela went through to end apartheid and brought a multiracial Ã¢â¬Å"Government of National UnityÃ¢â¬ in South Africa. Also, the main idea of my project tells how Nelson Mandela impacted the world by addressing global problems and easing human sufferings. My research focuses on the social injustice of apartheid in South Africa and how this was broughtRead MoreNelson MandelaÃ¢â¬â¢s Fight for South AfricanÃ¢â¬â¢s Justice1516 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessuch country is South Africa, where many South Africans were treated unfairly under apartheid, a law, made in 1950, to separate the African minorities from the white population living in South Africa.1 The Whites banned interracial and intersexual relations between Blacks and non-Black people, and the Black people owned only about 20% of the land.2 Black people were not given political representation, not given satisfactory facilities, and could not conduct any labor unions against the White population
Tuesday, December 10, 2019
Question: Discuss About The Economic Revitalization Through Tourism? Answer: Introduction Clipper Bay is a small arrangement of 5000 persons that is located on the landfill of a Peninsular. The area is situated by the sea and at the location with specifically plentiful marine life. The economy of this area is always turned around fishing and other professions, which aid the industry. The authorities at Clipper Bay believe that tourism will be advantageous in finding new and innovative opportunities (Arch Daily, 2010). The people in the tourism committees have decided to enhance the tourism by adopting cost-benefit approach. It will emphasize on developing the eco-tourism and fun and entertainment industry. The following report examines the development approach for uplifting the travel and tourism at Clipper Bay. It includes different causes of development by looking at advantages and disadvantages of various factors, like; socio-cultural, economic and environmental factors. Furthermore, it defines a sustainable approach that can be used for developing tourism sector, i.e. responsible tourism approach. At the end, the report marketing a discussion about stakeholders, who are associated in this economic regeneration via tourism at Clipper Bay. Development Approach Considering the requirement of economic revitalization at Clipper Bay, it is necessary to create a development plan for safeguarding the society from reduction of resources by addressing the change issues and securing the cultural and natural heritage. The communities at the town require renewing the economy by evolving commercial areas, industries, highways and corridors. In this fast changing world, businessmen and entrepreneurs should make efforts to promote the domestic culture and business to enhance the quality of life at Clipper Bay. The authorities can develop the best development approach by involve the societies and other related people in the town, who are concerned about justifiable results (Antonio, Arora, Doehring Hernandez, 2014). In this approach, identification of business sectors for economic development is most important part in this economic renewal. At Clipper Bay, there is a fishing industry, which is the major reason of livelihood of its population. So, this sector can be taken for the development. Agriculture and farming can work as the best manner for income the generation in the future. The town should consider these two sectors and promote the tourism and culture by generating revenues. It will be very helpful for the economy revitalization. Moreover, the organization should develop a program to make the local people aware. The population of Clipper Bay should be attentive about the well-being and other related concerns (Ardahaey, 2011). At Clipper, the tourism operators should stick a board with the instructions at its popular attractions that should be followed all the travellers and tourists. In this way, the authorities at Clipper should involve all the associated parties in revitalization process. Cost Benefit Analysis Cost benefit analysis is an important technique that can be adopted for economic growth of the tourism activities. In any area, cost benefit analysis is an approach that is adopted by an organization to make the decisions in different situations, where the investment plan is forecasted to generate the significant costs and benefits that cannot be utilized completely via market transactions (Briassoulis Van der Straaten, 2013). At Clipper Bay, cost and benefit analysis will assist the government to emphasize on the important variables of tourism growth or positive and adverse effects. At Clipper, the management will implement the cost benefit analysis by looking at some aspects, like; ease of access, pool of labor and resource readiness. Ease of Access The tourists can reach to Clipper Bay via road transport. It would decrease travelling time and number of busses will be increased after the construction of highway road. Although, the people may face issues related to overcrowding, when the number of tourists will be increased. In this context, two way coastal roads can work as a better way to keep control on tourists. In this way, constructing new high way road will be an advantage to the Clipper Bay. This will offer so many benefits to the growth of the town in near future (Burayidi, 2013). Pool of Labor Pool of labor is also a factor that can be used in the cost benefit analysis. The people at Clipper Bay are doing finance business and they may fight with the development of tourism. In this process, tourism managers may confront various issues as there is a slight pool of labor with restricted arrangement of capacity (Crdenas-Garca, Snchez-Rivero Pulido-Fernndez, 2015). The managers will need to make the people aware to develop them with the knowledge and ability and then appoint the employees from neighboring towns. Availability of Resources The worldwide population travel to Clipper for visiting the natural attractions. They travel from urban locations to feel relaxing from their routine life. Resorts and hotels can be situated along with the coastal area to provide sufficient water for guests and travellers. At Clipper Bay, eco-tourism can be done by bringing the tourists to visit the lime stone cave and go for camping in forest (Coria Calfucura, 2012). Thus, all of these factors indicate that this is a better alternative to select tourism as primary source for Clipper Bay with these conditions. Sustainable Approach (Responsible Tourism) At Clipper Bay, travel and tourism is chosen for economic revitalization in the area, so there is a need of implementation of sustainable approach. As a sustainable approach, the responsible approach can be suggested at Clipper Bay (Frey George, 2010). This type of approach indicates an approach, which engages all the people and related stakeholders in the activities, like; businesses, domestic people of town, government, tour managers, tourists etc. This approach of responsible tourism will emphasize on the fact that all the related people and stakeholders are similarly responsible in this development process. By implementing this approach, the departments will perform the activities by setting the objective of making better place to stay and to visit (Eusbio, Carneiro, Kastenholz Alvelos, 2016). This responsible approach will be beneficial for this economic revitalization at Clipper Bay. The tourism industry will improve by implementing this approach as Clipper Bay and in turn it will revitalize the area economically. In addition, responsible approach of tourism will reduce the impact of economic, socio-cultural and environmental factors and generate economic benefits to domestic people in town. Infrastructure Plan For any tourist place, basic infrastructure consists of roads, hotels, electricity, highways, parks, hospitals, buildings, towers and other assisting structures, that aid tourism. At Clipper Bay, the concept of Geographic Information System (GIS) will be adopted for revising the infrastructure plan. This plan will different divisions, like; visitors division, network planning for transportation and zones (George, Mair Reid, 2009). Furthermore, the visitors can also be segmented in many groups, like; business travellers, tourists on beaches, docks and town and research people for exploring the heritage and culture of Clipper Bay. Another phase, i.e. zoning, will include that zones in town will be segmented by considering the interest of tourists. Furthermore, it will ensure that all of these zones are linked via network of roads. Superstructure The changes and sustainability in travel and tourism cannot be seen without enhancing its superstructure. This superstructure may include different amenities related to structure at tourist destinations and attractions at Clipper Bay. These all things will be enhanced at beach front at Clipper to enhance the beach structure (Kim, Chen Shawn Jang, 2006). The main amenities of beach superstructure include rooms, showers, clinics, rescue centers, changing rooms for tourists, security towers, food stores etc. Stakeholders There may be different stakeholders in tourism industry at Clipper Bay, such as; tourists, domestic people, government, tourism managers and authorities, tour operators, societies and other agencies. These stakeholders will have their specific responsibilities and roles in the growth of eco-tourism. There is a diagram, which includes all the stakeholders, who will perform the activities collectively (Lee, 2013). They all will work for the interest of population of Clipper and tourists by developing awareness among tourists and fulfilling their social duties and responsibilities. Analysis of Economic Elements in Tourism There are various economic factors, which are significant in the travel and tourism industry. These economic factors have both advantages and disadvantages in economic revitalization at Clipper Bay. There may be some economic advantages of tourism at Clipper Bay. These factors are like economic development through multiplier impact revenue to the society, by balance of payment and generation of various employment opportunities in the town. Multiplier Effect: Multiplier effect occurs, when the people start to spend the money on their trips and tours. First, the tour operators in Clipper Bay have direct impact of multiplier while they will generate cash from travellers (Leigh Blakely, 2016). It will have an indirect impact on the domestic population of Clipper Bay when they will supply the sea food and receive wages from this facility as a result of business of tourism. When the people will earn more income through this business, then it will improve their living standards. By this, more funds will run in nations economy. Balance of Payment and Employment Opportunities: With this economic revitalization, some hotels, restaurants and resorts will be opened up in the town. It will enhance the job and employment opportunities at Clipper Bay. It will be a kind of direct employment for domestic people. It will occur with the development of tourism. This growth in eco-tourism will enhance the indirect employment when the local fisherman and business class people hire more workers to deal with the increased demands and needs from the travellers and tourists (Lynch, 2013). Other Economic Aspects: Apart from above factors, there will be some other monetary impacts, like; expansion of business and foreign direct investment. By establishing this specific objective, there will be a need of significant capital for creating the foundation. The government and authorities at Clipper Bay can assist the tourism by spreading and elevating to international investors to construct resorts, factory outlets, hotels, restaurants in the town. These foreign direct investments will offer the benefits to both town and its people as well. Moreover, the government may help the businesses and professions by providing funds and grants (Mowforth Munt, 2015). Along with the growth in the economy, inflation will also occur at Clipper Bay. With the increase in number of travellers and tourists, there will be expansion in the sale of local goods. This will increase the spending of local people and this spending will impact the inflation negatively. Because of this, the population that is living in Clipper Bay will confront unusual costs of living (Sharpley, 2015). In this process, government and tourism authorities can try to regulate the inflation by utilizing a method, i.e. concretionary. Furthermore, another disadvantage is the increase in the job and employment opportunities. Although, it will be good for the people of town, but it will switch the local people from their conventional business, i.e. waving and fishing to tourism and hospitality industry. Analysis of Socio-cultural Factors in Tourism There are some socio-cultural factors, which have both advantages and disadvantages to the town and community of Clipper Bay. These socio-cultural aspects are Exposure of artworks: The government should focus on the exposure of specialty and artworks of town. This exposure will increase the travellers and visitors, who are travelling to Clipper Bay as there is direct connection between domestic people and visitors. With this increased awareness, commercialization of these artworks can occur (Sinclair-Maragh, Gursoy Vieregge, 2015). With this, the government can make focus on Clipper Bay with antique center to make it safe and it will ensure that only domestic craft products will be sold at this antique center. Safeguarding the heritage: The government should make some changes in the rules and regulations at attractions. The government can utilize the tax, which is collected from the visitors to build a gallery in the town for tourists and youth generation, so that they can understand and mean the neighborhood social. There will be an instructor to safeguard and protect the culture and heritage and ensuring that there would not be pollution from vehicles, factories and industries. Cross-Cultural Obligation: When the number of tourists will increase in Clipper Bay, then local people can demonstrate their own lifestyle. This will not only allow the tourists to understand the indigenous local people bur also the people will be prepared to expand their mindfulness through becoming informal. The domestic people will have the potential to have the benefit when any regular tourist begins to involve and help them in their routine activities (Webster Ivanov, 2014). They will make efforts to revolutionize the tourism and incorporate new things from other tradition and culture. Apart from these advantages, there are some disadvantages of socio-cultural factors from tourism at Clipper Bay. Because the people from different places and culture are arriving to Clipper Bay, it will affect the youths for being beak free from their daily practices and works. It will lead to the loss of custom in the town, as the local people will avoid the weaving and fishing business for getting better jobs in the hotels and resorts. In this way, it will impact the traditional and social segment of the town. In addition, there may be chances of moral disintegration, like; consumption of alcohol and smoking that can influence the religion of Clipper Bay. Some other disadvantages of these factors are that there will be scarcity of resources and assets because of overcrowding in town (Woo, Kim Uysal, 2015). Environmental Factors in Tourism There are some environmental factors, which may have both advantages and disadvantages to the town and its population. The advantages from these factors are stated below; Safeguarding the environment: In this economic revitalization process, the government will emphasize to allocate the land for national parks for making the animal and wildlife safe. The animals and creatures, which are harmful for the people, will be kept in the restricted area of parks. The authorities can sanction an area of beach front for building national park for protecting the vegetation. Thus, these environmental factors will assist in enhancing the life of animals and plants at Clipper Bay. There are some other advantages, like; the income and revenues, which are earned from the famous tourist attractions in the town, can be utilized for renovation and development of these tourist destinations. In renewing the tourism, the management will make some eco-friendly and green efforts at Clipper Bay (Webster Ivanov, 2014). It will improve the eco-tourism and use the biodegradable components. It will be advantageous for all over environment of Clipper Bay. There are some environmental aspects, which have disadvantages from the growth of tourism business at Clipper Bay. There may be some issues related to the pollution, like; water pollution, air pollution, soil pollution and noise pollution. Increased utilization of transportation, like; airplanes and busses can increase the air pollution in the town (Mowforth Munt, 2015). Due to tourism, there may be chances of misuse of natural resources, like; land, water, greenery etc. It can cause some environmental hazards, such as; pollution because of drugs, cigars and plastic bags. Conclusion From the above analysis, it can be concluded that tourism can be a major industry for economy revitalization at Clipper Bay. For enticing a significant number of tourists, the authorities and government have decided to improve the infrastructure and tourist attractions to the town. All the developments and improvements are well-organized to deal with the future alterations to keep them more attractive and updated. At Clipper Bay, the government will take the advantages from different factors, like; social, cultural, economic, environmental etc. By this economic revitalization, Clipper Bay will be emerged as a famous tourist destination for visiting. The report includes advantages and disadvantages of different aspects, related to tourism development. References Antonio, E., Arora, K., Doehring, C., Hernandez, A. (2014). Theological education and economic revitalization: Creating sustainable organizations through authentic engagement.Theological Education,48(2), 57-67. Ardahaey, F.T. (2011). Economic Impacts of Tourism Industry. International Journal of Business andManagement, Vol. 6, No. 8, pp. 206-215. Arch Daily. (2010). 36 Clipper Bay Home / FGR Architects. Retrieved from https://www.archdaily.com/96431/36-clipper-bay-home-fgr-architects. Briassoulis, H., Van der Straaten, J. (Eds.). (2013).Tourism and the environment: regional, economic, cultural and policy issues(Vol. 6). Springer Science Business Media. Burayidi, M. A. (2013).Downtowns: revitalizing the centers of small urban communities. Routledge. Crdenas-Garca, P. J., Snchez-Rivero, M., Pulido-Fernndez, J. I. (2015). Does tourism growth influence economic development?.Journal of Travel Research,54(2), 206-221. Coria, J. Calfucura, E. (2012). Ecotourism and the development of indigenous communities: The good, the bad, and the ugly. Ecological Economics, 73, 4756. Eusbio, C., Carneiro, M. J., Kastenholz, E., Alvelos, H. (2016). The impact of social tourism for seniors on the economic development of tourism destinations.European Journal of Tourism Research,12, 5. Frey, N. George, R. (2010). Responsible tourism management: the missing link between business owners attitude and behavior in the cap town tourism industry. Tourism Management, Vol. 31, No.5, pp.621-628. George, E.W., Mair, H. Reid, D.G. (2009). Rural Tourism Development: Localism and Cultural Change. Channel View Publications. Kim, H. J., Chen, M.H. Shawn Jang, S. (2006). Tourism expansion and economic development: The case of Taiwan. Tourism Management, No.27, p.925933. Lee, T. H. (2013). Influence analysis of community resident support for sustainable tourism development.Tourism management,34, 37-46. Leigh, N. G., Blakely, E. J. (2016).Planning local economic development: Theory and practice. Sage Publications. Lynch, R. (2013). Economic revitalization.Public Management,95(2), 16-19. Mowforth, M., Munt, I. (2015).Tourism and sustainability: Business Development, globalisation and new tourism in the third world. Routledge. Sharpley, R. (2015).Tourism and development. Sage Publications. Sinclair-Maragh, G., Gursoy, D., Vieregge, M. (2015). Residents? perceptions toward tourism development: A factor-cluster approach.Journal of Destination Marketing Management,4(1), 36-45. Webster, C., Ivanov, S. (2014). Transforming competitiveness into economic benefits: Does tourism stimulate economic growth in more competitive destinations?.Tourism Management,40, 137-140. Woo, E., Kim, H., Uysal, M. (2015). Life satisfaction and support for tourism development.Annals of Tourism Research,50, 84-97.
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
Nuclear Energy Let American Consumer Counseling Help you Get Out of Debt! Nuclear Energy You are watching the control panels and gages for rector two. Sitting comely you think about how easy your job is. It is a joke! All day you sit around and watch the gages for reactor number two just to make sure they maintain their settings. You don't even need to look at the gages either because a computer automatically regulates them without you. Life is so good. Suddenly all the sirens go of and the gages and displays spin wildly in every direction. The ground shakes and you can hear the sound of a deep rumble. Unknown to you, the reactor's cooling pumps have failed to cool the reactor's core and in 3 seconds the temperature went from 280 degrees centigrade to 4,000 degrees centigrade. The water that was in the reactor is instantly turned to steam which creates tremendous amount of pressure in the reactor core. Above the reactor core there is a 5 foot thick lead plate and above that there is a meter thick floor composed of iron, barium, serpentine, concrete, and stone. The exploding steam fires the floor up like shrapnel. The metal plate goes through the four foot thick concrete roof like butter and reaches and altitude of sixty meters. You can hear ripping, rending, wrenching, screeching, scraping, tearing sounds of a vast machine breaking apart. L. Ray Silver, a leading author who covered the disaster at Chernobyl, said that within the core, steam reacts with zirconium to produce that first explosive in nature's arsenal, hydrogen. Near-molten fuel fragments shatter nearly incandescent graphite, torching chunks of it, exploding the hydrogen. The explosion breaks every pipe in the building rocking it with such power that the building is split into sections (11-13). You look down at your body and notice that it feels hot and your hands look different. Unknown to you a tremendous amount of neutrons are hitting your cells and taking chucks out of your skin. Suddenly everything goes black. The paragraph above describes the scene of what happened at Chernobyl nuclear plant a few years ago. From that time until the present many other smaller accidents have happened. From these accidents many people have died and millions have been indirectly affected. Nuclear energy has far to many negative problems than advantages. From the mining of uranium to disposal of nuclear waist there are problems of such magnitude that no scientist on this earth has an answer for. Nuclear energy has so many problems associated to it that it should be banned from the earth. To understand the threat of nuclear energy we must first understand what happens in a nuclear reaction. Ann E. Weiss, who has written several books on the subject of nuclear energy, described what happens inside a nuclear power plant. In a nuclear reaction the nuclei of its atoms split, producing energy in the form of heat. The heat makes steam which powers a turbine. Fission takes place in a nuclear reactor. The fuel used is pellets of uranium. In a modern reactor, half-inch long pellets of uranium are packed into 12 or 14 foot tubes made of an alloy of the metal zirconium. About 50,000 zircalloy fuel rods make up the reaction core. To control a nuclear reaction control rods made of cadmium is used which absorbs neutrons. With the control rods in place in the core, a chain reaction cannot begin. When the plant operators want to start the chain reaction they activate machinery that pulls the control rods away from the core. Once this is done a single free neutron is enough to set off the reaction. As the reaction continues, a moderator slows the neutrons down enough to ensure that they will continually split more uranium atoms. At the same time, the moderator acts as a coolant. It keep the overall temperature about 300 degrees Celsius. Since the temperature at spots inside the fuel rods may be as high as 1,100 degrees Celsius, enormous amounts of coolant are continually needed to keep the core temperature at the proper level. When the plant must be must be shut down the control rods are lowered all the way back into the core. That brings the chain reaction to a standstill. The core cools, and steam is no longer produced (23-24). In all nuclear reactions use uranium and produce some plutonium. Since nuclear reactions produce a considerable amount of plutonium there are considerable hazards that come along with it. Nader and Abbotts, two men who have a great amount of